Oct 19, 2021
CHEM& 131 - Introduction to Organic/Biochemistry with Lab
A grade of “C” or better in CHEM& 121 or instructor permission.
A continuation of CHEM& 121 . A survey of organic and biochemistry including hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, acids and their derivatives, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and metabolism. This course does not prepare a student for a second year of chemistry.
4 theory hours.
Guided Practice Hours
2 guided practice hours.
AA Specified Elective
Satisfies science or lab requirement area B distribution or specified elective for the AA degree.
- Classify, name, and write formulas for hydrocarbons and their halogen derivatives; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point
- Recognize structural and geometric isomers
- Predict the products of addition reactions to alkenes, including the formation of addition polymers
- Classify, name, and write formulas for alcohols, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point and water solubility
- Define terms associated with oxidation and reduction; predict the products of the oxidation and/or reduction of alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, and carboxylic acids
- Predict the products of reactions involving the formation and hydrolysis of esters and polyesters
- Classify, name, and write formulas for amines and amides; describe their physical properties and the reactions involved in the formation of amides and polyamides
- Recognize the physiological effects of amines and amides, including common alkaloids and analgesics
- Recognize and classify the products of reactions of aldehydes and ketones with alcohols
- Understand the origin of optical isomerization
- Define and know the physical properties of carbohydrates
- Recognize, classify, and know the biological functions of common mono-, di-, and polysaccharides
- Describe the biological functions of proteins
- Recognize and classify amino acids; understand how they are polymerized to form polypeptides; describe the four levels of protein structure and the forces that stabilize them
- Understand how enzymes function and the factors that affect enzyme-catalyzed reactions
- Describe the structures and functions of DNA and RNA and the processes of replication, transcription, and translation
- Describe the effects of mutations on protein structure
- Understand methods for producing genetically modified organisms
- Define catabolism and anabolism and explain the roles of the ATP cycle and of oxidizing and reducing agents in these processes
- Understand the role of mitochondria in the common catabolic pathway
- Describe the catabolism of glucose, including the functions of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation, and fermentation
- Describe the metabolic fates of complex carbohydrates, fatty acids, and proteins
- Understand the physiological effects of uncontrolled diabetes
Add to Portfolio (opens a new window)