Feb 22, 2024
CHEM& 110 - Chemical Concepts with Lab
A grade of “C” or better in MATH 097 or placement in MATH 098.
An introduction to the fundamental principles of chemistry and the predictive power chemistry provides. Topics include elements; compounds and mixtures; periodic properties of the elements; atomic theory and structure; molecular structure and chemical bonding; chemical notation and nomenclature; mass and molar relations; chemical reactions and the mass and energy changes accompanying them; simple thermodynamics; equilibrium, equilibrium constants and kinetics; properties of gases, liquids, solids, and solutions; properties of acids, bases, and pH; connections between chemistry and daily life.
4 theory hours.
Guided Practice Hours
2 guided practice hours.
AA Specified Elective
Satisfies science or lab requirement area B distribution or specified elective for the AA degree.
- Describe what a Materials Safety Data Sheet is and how it is used
- Name and use metric units of measure for mass, length, volume and temperature
- Explain why measured numbers have a limited number of significant(reliable) digits
- Use conversion factors to change one unit to another and solve basic unit problems
- Describe atomic structure in terms of electrons, protons and neutrons
- Tell how element properties relate to their location in the periodic table and tell how metals, nonmetals and metalloids differ
- Explain how chemical formulas for compounds relate to compound composition
- Apply the octet rule to predict ion formulas for the representative elements
- Describe and give examples common of acids, bases, ionic and covalent compounds
- Explain why compounds have definite composition
- Describe how to predict shapes for small molecules using the octet rule and VSEPR theory
- Balance chemical equations by inspection when given formulas for reactants and products
- Calculate the moles of product expected for a reaction when given an equation and the amounts of reactants
- Explain why energy changes occur during chemical reactions
- Describe the entropy changes that accompany a given chemical reaction
- Describe how reactants and products behave in a process at equilibrium
- Classify a reaction as exothermic or endothermic based on energy information for the reaction
- Tell how temperature, concentration, pressure and presence of a catalyst influence the speed of a chemical reaction
- Use kinetic molecular theory to describe solids, liquids and gases
- Describe how solutions are formed and the roles of solvent and solute
- Use common concentration units to figure the amount of solute in a solution
- Describe how gases dissolve in liquids and the effect of gas pressure on dissolved gases
- Identify common acids and bases from their formulas
- Describe the pH scale and relate it to acidic, basic and neutral conditions
- Determine hydrogen ion concentration from pH values
- Figure acid or base concentrations using titration data
- Describe how buffers act to regulate solution pH and pOH and give an example
Student may not receive credit for both CHEM& 110 and CHEM& 121. This course does not meet the chemistry requirement for the Associate in Pre-Nursing DTA or the chemistry admissions requirement for the Associate in Applied Science Nursing degree.
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