Jun 14, 2024  
2021-2022 Catalog 
2021-2022 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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CHEM& 131 - Introduction to Organic/Biochemistry with Lab

5 credits

A grade of “C” or better in CHEM& 121  or instructor permission.

A continuation of CHEM& 121 . A survey of organic and biochemistry including hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, acids and their derivatives, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and metabolism. This course does not prepare a student for a second year of chemistry.

Theory Hours
4 theory hours.

Guided Practice Hours
2 guided practice hours.

AA Specified Elective
Satisfies science or lab requirement area B distribution or specified elective for the AA degree.

Course Outcomes
  • Classify, name, and write formulas for hydrocarbons and their halogen derivatives; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point
  • Recognize structural and geometric isomers
  • Predict the products of addition reactions to alkenes, including the formation of addition polymers
  • Classify, name, and write formulas for alcohols, ethers, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, and esters; describe their physical properties, including trends in boiling point and water solubility
  • Define terms associated with oxidation and reduction; predict the products of the oxidation and/or reduction of alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, and carboxylic acids
  • Predict the products of reactions involving the formation and hydrolysis of esters and polyesters
  • Classify, name, and write formulas for amines and amides; describe their physical properties and the reactions involved in the formation of amides and polyamides
  • Recognize the physiological effects of amines and amides, including common alkaloids and analgesics
  • Recognize and classify the products of reactions of aldehydes and ketones with alcohols
  • Understand the origin of optical isomerization
  • Define and know the physical properties of carbohydrates
  • Recognize, classify, and know the biological functions of common mono-, di-, and polysaccharides
  • Describe the biological functions of proteins
  • Recognize and classify amino acids; understand how they are polymerized to form polypeptides; describe the four levels of protein structure and the forces that stabilize them
  • Understand how enzymes function and the factors that affect enzyme-catalyzed reactions
  • Describe the structures and functions of DNA and RNA and the processes of replication, transcription, and translation
  • Describe the effects of mutations on protein structure
  • Understand methods for producing genetically modified organisms
  • Define catabolism and anabolism and explain the roles of the ATP cycle and of oxidizing and reducing agents in these processes
  • Understand the role of mitochondria in the common catabolic pathway
  • Describe the catabolism of glucose, including the functions of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation, and fermentation
  • Describe the metabolic fates of complex carbohydrates, fatty acids, and proteins
  • Understand the physiological effects of uncontrolled diabetes

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